- Anciently held various important offices in the public affairs of the nation. The Hebrew word so rendered (sopher) is first used to designate the holder of some military office (Judg. 5:14; A.V., "pen of the writer;" R.V., "the marshal's staff;" marg., "the staff of the scribe"). The scribes acted as secretaries of state, whose business it was to prepare and issue decrees in the name of the king (2 Sam. 8:17; 20:25; 1 Chr. 18:16; 24:6; 1 Kings 4:3; 2 Kings 12:9-11; 18:18-37, etc.). They discharged various other important public duties as men of high authority and influence in the affairs of state.There was also a subordinate class of scribes, most of whom were Levites. They were engaged in various ways as writers. Such, for example, was Baruch, who "wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the Lord" (Jer. 36:4, 32).In later times, after the Captivity, when the nation lost its independence, the scribes turned their attention to the law, gaining for themselves distinction by their intimate acquaintance with its contents. On them devolved the duty of multiplying copies of the law and of teaching it to others (Ezra 7:6, 10-12; Neh. 8:1, 4, 9, 13). It is evident that in New Testament times the scribes belonged to the sect of the Pharisees, who supplemented the ancient written law by their traditions (Matt. 23), thereby obscuring it and rendering it of none effect. The titles "scribes" and "lawyers" (q.v.) are in the Gospels interchangeable (Matt. 22:35; Mark 12:28; Luke 20:39, etc.). They were in the time of our Lord the public teachers of the people, and frequently came into collision with him. They afterwards showed themselves greatly hostile to the apostles (Acts 4:5; 6:12).Some of the scribes, however, were men of a different spirit, and showed themselves friendly to the gospel and its preachers. Thus Gamaliel advised the Sanhedrin, when the apostles were before them charged with "teaching in this name," to "refrain from these men and let them alone" (Acts 5:34-39; comp. 23:9).
Easton's Bible Dictionary. M.G. Easton. 1897.
Look at other dictionaries:
Scribes — • In the New Testament period the scribes were the professional interpreters of the Law in the Jewish synagogues Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Scribes Scribes … Catholic encyclopedia
Scribes — Basisdaten Betriebssystem Unix, Linux Programmiersprache … Deutsch Wikipedia
SCRIBES — Since the invention of writingin the late fourth millennium B.C., scribes were instrumental in the development of the administrativestructures that made Mesopotamian citieseconomically competitive. Literate bureaucrats became a mainstay of… … Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia
Scribes — Infobox Software name = Scribes caption = Scribes showing replace function developer = Lateef Alabi Oki released = ? frequently updated = yes programming language = ? operating system = Unix like language = ? genre = Text editor license = GPL… … Wikipedia
Scribes — Scribe Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom … Wikipédia en Français
scribes — From the Latin word meaning ‘writers’. The learned class of many ancient societies, responsible for administration and diplomacy, as was Baruch, Jeremiah s secretary who wrote down his words. Ezra, who had been a high official in the Persian… … Dictionary of the Bible
scribes — skraÉªb n. copyist, copier of manuscripts; public clerk; author, writer; Jewish scholar who transcribed edited and interpreted Biblical scrolls (Judaism) v. write down, record, inscribe; mark by cutting or scratching; work as a scribe … English contemporary dictionary
scribes — This word (from the Latin scriba, meaning secretary or accountant ), at the time of the New Testament, referred to Jewish legal scholars or teachers of Jewish Law, who are often portrayed as opposed to Jesus … Glossary of theological terms
SCRIBES (judaïsme) — SCRIBES, judaïsme Le privilège de savoir lire et écrire était, dans les civilisations de l’Orient ancien, réservé à une élite, car l’acquisition de l’instruction exigeait un apprentissage coûteux et long dans les écoles. Les scribes pouvaient… … Encyclopédie Universelle
SCRIBES, THE — (i. e. writers), a non priestly class among the Jews devoted to the study and exposition of the Law, and who rose to a position of importance and influence in the Jewish community, were known in the days of Christ also by the name of Lawyers,… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia